"Over every mountain there is a path, although it may not be seen from the valley" --Theodore Roethke
 

Bushcraft glossary of terms

 
There are a number of terms used throughout the Bushcraft community. We will attempt to define the most common ones below
 
Term Description
Bushcraft a popular term for wilderness survival skills. ... Often the phrase 'wilderness skills' is used as it describes skills used all over the world. Bushcraft is about thriving in the natural environment, and the acquisition of the skills and knowledge to do so
Feather Stick A length of wood which is shaved to produce a cluster of thin curls protruding from the wood. It allows damp wood to be used to start a fire when dry tinder is hard to find.
Tinder dry, flammable material, such as wood or paper, used for lighting a fire.
Chaga Chaga is a fungus. It produces a woody growth, called a conk, which is used to make medicine, and can also be used as tinder, as a small saprk can be used to ignite it.

Woodlands North, we love to facilitate outdoor learning

Resources

Tools
Clothing
Cooking
packs
shelter
other
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7
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Filesystem.php
122
6
file_put_contents
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Filesystem
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Filesystem.php
122
5
Illuminate
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put
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vendor
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FileSessionHandler.php
83
4
Illuminate
\
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FileSessionHandler
write
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vendor
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src
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Illuminate
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Store.php
129
3
Illuminate
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laravel
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StartSession.php
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Kernel.php
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1
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Foundation
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Kernel.php
189
0
Illuminate
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Filesystem.php
     *
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     * @return string
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    public function hash($path)
    {
        return md5_file($path);
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    /**
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     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $contents
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     * @return int
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    public function put($path, $contents, $lock = false)
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    /**
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        $path = realpath($path) ?: $path;
 
        $tempPath = tempnam(dirname($path), basename($path));
 
        // Fix permissions of tempPath because `tempnam()` creates it with permissions set to 0600...
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Arguments
  1. "file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 192 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space"
    
/
var
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html
/
WoodLandsNorth
/
vendor
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laravel
/
framework
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src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @return string
     */
    public function hash($path)
    {
        return md5_file($path);
    }
 
    /**
     * Write the contents of a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $contents
     * @param  bool  $lock
     * @return int
     */
    public function put($path, $contents, $lock = false)
    {
        return file_put_contents($path, $contents, $lock ? LOCK_EX : 0);
    }
 
    /**
     * Write the contents of a file, replacing it atomically if it already exists.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $content
     * @return void
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    public function replace($path, $content)
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Arguments
  1. "/var/www/html/WoodLandsNorth/storage/framework/sessions/Z8ntJ8XT8rLBVpfDsYZiD4MbcXBYq5a3SorF5QRD"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"3lOihA4Czs9M4hs5xoiuuFbVyf2QDwWxuyIgQ73U";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:34:"http://woodlandsnorth.net/glossary";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
  3. 2
    
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Illuminate
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FileSessionHandler.php
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function read($sessionId)
    {
        if ($this->files->isFile($path = $this->path.'/'.$sessionId)) {
            if ($this->files->lastModified($path) >= Carbon::now()->subMinutes($this->minutes)->getTimestamp()) {
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        return '';
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    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
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    /**
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        $this->files->delete($this->path.'/'.$sessionId);
 
        return true;
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    /**
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     */
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        $files = Finder::create()
Arguments
  1. "/var/www/html/WoodLandsNorth/storage/framework/sessions/Z8ntJ8XT8rLBVpfDsYZiD4MbcXBYq5a3SorF5QRD"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"3lOihA4Czs9M4hs5xoiuuFbVyf2QDwWxuyIgQ73U";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:34:"http://woodlandsnorth.net/glossary";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
  3. true
    
/
var
/
www
/
html
/
WoodLandsNorth
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Store.php
     *
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return string
     */
    protected function prepareForUnserialize($data)
    {
        return $data;
    }
 
    /**
     * Save the session data to storage.
     *
     * @return bool
     */
    public function save()
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        $this->ageFlashData();
 
        $this->handler->write($this->getId(), $this->prepareForStorage(
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        $this->started = false;
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    /**
     * Prepare the serialized session data for storage.
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     * @param  string  $data
     * @return string
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    /**
     * Age the flash data for the session.
     *
     * @return void
Arguments
  1. "Z8ntJ8XT8rLBVpfDsYZiD4MbcXBYq5a3SorF5QRD"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"3lOihA4Czs9M4hs5xoiuuFbVyf2QDwWxuyIgQ73U";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:34:"http://woodlandsnorth.net/glossary";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
/
var
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/
html
/
WoodLandsNorth
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Middleware
/
StartSession.php
        if ($this->sessionConfigured()) {
            $this->storeCurrentUrl($request, $session);
 
            $this->addCookieToResponse($response, $session);
        }
 
        return $response;
    }
 
    /**
     * Perform any final actions for the request lifecycle.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    public function terminate($request, $response)
    {
        if ($this->sessionHandled && $this->sessionConfigured() && ! $this->usingCookieSessions()) {
            $this->manager->driver()->save();
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    /**
     * Start the session for the given request.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Session\Session
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    protected function startSession(Request $request)
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            $session->start();
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    /**
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/
var
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Illuminate
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/
Kernel.php
     * @return void
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    protected function terminateMiddleware($request, $response)
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    /**
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     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return array
     */
    protected function gatherRouteMiddleware($request)
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        if ($route = $request->route()) {
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        return [];
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    /**
Arguments
  1. Request {
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure($guard = null) { …6}
      #routeResolver: Closure() { …5}
      +attributes: ParameterBag {}
      +request: ParameterBag {#1}
      +query: ParameterBag {#1}
      +server: ServerBag {}
      +files: FileBag {}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {}
      +headers: HeaderBag {}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/glossary"
      #requestUri: "/glossary"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {}
    
/
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WoodLandsNorth
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/
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/
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/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
     */
    protected function dispatchToRouter()
    {
        return function ($request) {
            $this->app->instance('request', $request);
 
            return $this->router->dispatch($request);
        };
    }
 
    /**
     * Call the terminate method on any terminable middleware.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    public function terminate($request, $response)
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        $this->terminateMiddleware($request, $response);
 
        $this->app->terminate();
    }
 
    /**
     * Call the terminate method on any terminable middleware.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    protected function terminateMiddleware($request, $response)
    {
        $middlewares = $this->app->shouldSkipMiddleware() ? [] : array_merge(
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            $this->middleware
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        foreach ($middlewares as $middleware) {
            if (! is_string($middleware)) {
Arguments
  1. Request {
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure($guard = null) { …6}
      #routeResolver: Closure() { …5}
      +attributes: ParameterBag {}
      +request: ParameterBag {#1}
      +query: ParameterBag {#1}
      +server: ServerBag {}
      +files: FileBag {}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {}
      +headers: HeaderBag {}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/glossary"
      #requestUri: "/glossary"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {}
    
/
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/
public
/
index.php
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Run The Application
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Once we have the application, we can handle the incoming request
| through the kernel, and send the associated response back to
| the client's browser allowing them to enjoy the creative
| and wonderful application we have prepared for them.
|
*/
 
$kernel = $app->make(Illuminate\Contracts\Http\Kernel::class);
 
$response = $kernel->handle(
    $request = Illuminate\Http\Request::capture()
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$response->send();
 
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Arguments
  1. Request {
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure($guard = null) { …6}
      #routeResolver: Closure() { …5}
      +attributes: ParameterBag {}
      +request: ParameterBag {#1}
      +query: ParameterBag {#1}
      +server: ServerBag {}
      +files: FileBag {}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {}
      +headers: HeaderBag {}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
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        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
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      #pathInfo: "/glossary"
      #requestUri: "/glossary"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {}
    

Environment & details:

empty
empty
empty
empty
empty
Key Value
REDIRECT_STATUS
"200"
HTTP_USER_AGENT
"CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)"
HTTP_ACCEPT
"text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8"
HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE
"en-US,en;q=0.5"
HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE
"Wed, 20 Jan 2021 07:31:00 GMT"
HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING
"br,gzip"
HTTP_HOST
"woodlandsnorth.net"
HTTP_CONNECTION
"Keep-Alive"
PATH
"/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/snap/bin"
SERVER_SIGNATURE
"<address>Apache/2.4.46 (Ubuntu) Server at woodlandsnorth.net Port 80</address>\n"
SERVER_SOFTWARE
"Apache/2.4.46 (Ubuntu)"
SERVER_NAME
"woodlandsnorth.net"
SERVER_ADDR
"138.197.126.142"
SERVER_PORT
"80"
REMOTE_ADDR
"3.210.184.142"
DOCUMENT_ROOT
"/var/www/html/WoodLandsNorth/public"
REQUEST_SCHEME
"http"
CONTEXT_PREFIX
""
CONTEXT_DOCUMENT_ROOT
"/var/www/html/WoodLandsNorth/public"
SERVER_ADMIN
"[no address given]"
SCRIPT_FILENAME
"/var/www/html/WoodLandsNorth/public/index.php"
REMOTE_PORT
"54638"
REDIRECT_URL
"/glossary"
GATEWAY_INTERFACE
"CGI/1.1"
SERVER_PROTOCOL
"HTTP/1.1"
REQUEST_METHOD
"GET"
QUERY_STRING
""
REQUEST_URI
"/glossary"
SCRIPT_NAME
"/index.php"
PHP_SELF
"/index.php"
REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT
1620635239.413
REQUEST_TIME
1620635239
APP_NAME
"Laravel"
APP_ENV
"local"
APP_KEY
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APP_DEBUG
"true"
APP_URL
"http://www.woodlandsnorth.net"
LOG_CHANNEL
"stack"
DB_CONNECTION
"mysql"
DB_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
DB_PORT
"3306"
DB_DATABASE
"WoodlandsNorth"
DB_USERNAME
"root"
DB_PASSWORD
"BlueTundra09"
BROADCAST_DRIVER
"log"
CACHE_DRIVER
"file"
QUEUE_CONNECTION
"sync"
SESSION_DRIVER
"file"
SESSION_LIFETIME
"120"
REDIS_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
REDIS_PASSWORD
"null"
REDIS_PORT
"6379"
MAIL_DRIVER
"smtp"
MAIL_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
MAIL_PORT
"25"
MAIL_USERNAME
"null"
MAIL_PASSWORD
"null"
MAIL_ENCRYPTION
"null"
PUSHER_APP_ID
""
PUSHER_APP_KEY
""
PUSHER_APP_SECRET
""
PUSHER_APP_CLUSTER
"mt1"
MIX_PUSHER_APP_KEY
""
MIX_PUSHER_APP_CLUSTER
"mt1"
NOCAPTCHA_SECRET
"6LevkJIUAAAAAOlNsZLDue5ckBln5QA4dS8Fas72"
NOCAPTCHA_SITEKEY
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Key Value
APP_NAME
"Laravel"
APP_ENV
"local"
APP_KEY
"base64:jc0NINI/eoj8nX/g+ULaxO9lvWDU0TdBzEqZww0fulI="
APP_DEBUG
"true"
APP_URL
"http://www.woodlandsnorth.net"
LOG_CHANNEL
"stack"
DB_CONNECTION
"mysql"
DB_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
DB_PORT
"3306"
DB_DATABASE
"WoodlandsNorth"
DB_USERNAME
"root"
DB_PASSWORD
"BlueTundra09"
BROADCAST_DRIVER
"log"
CACHE_DRIVER
"file"
QUEUE_CONNECTION
"sync"
SESSION_DRIVER
"file"
SESSION_LIFETIME
"120"
REDIS_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
REDIS_PASSWORD
"null"
REDIS_PORT
"6379"
MAIL_DRIVER
"smtp"
MAIL_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
MAIL_PORT
"25"
MAIL_USERNAME
"null"
MAIL_PASSWORD
"null"
MAIL_ENCRYPTION
"null"
PUSHER_APP_ID
""
PUSHER_APP_KEY
""
PUSHER_APP_SECRET
""
PUSHER_APP_CLUSTER
"mt1"
MIX_PUSHER_APP_KEY
""
MIX_PUSHER_APP_CLUSTER
"mt1"
NOCAPTCHA_SECRET
"6LevkJIUAAAAAOlNsZLDue5ckBln5QA4dS8Fas72"
NOCAPTCHA_SITEKEY
"6LevkJIUAAAAAJdnUgwvCRDi9EHm3AEmaQmPhZqm"
0. Whoops\Handler\PrettyPageHandler